Types of construction vehicles

To prepare the land and build a structure on a site, companies use a variety of vehicles. Each vehicle has its own on-site tasks based on its capabilities, and its operator is responsible for using the vehicle to complete any work that is needed. That is why it is important for those interested in a career in the field of construction to learn the different types of construction vehicles.

Graders

Bulldozers are often the first vehicles on a construction site as they clean the place by pushing the debris. The metal blades at the front make pushing debris of all kinds easier, including concrete, tree branches and large stones. Once the debris has been cleared, the earth moves to level the site.

Front loading machines

As excavators push the debris and excess dirt to one side of the construction site, the front-loading machines load them into the dump trucks to be transported. With a shovel attached to the front of the vehicle, these lift and pull the ground easily until the place is clean. However, front-loading machines have a limitation, as they cannot dig or go below ground level.

Dump Trucks

Transporting the debris and dirt from the construction site is the responsibility of the dump trucks. They may also bring rocks, gravel or additional soil if they are needed to stabilize or level the soil at one site. There are a variety of types of dump trucks in construction. Some of them include more traditional double or triple trailer vehicles, which allow a truck to carry multiple land trailers and debris. In addition, there are all-terrain dump trucks that are used in rough terrain and in mining.

Excavators / Backhoes

When excavation is needed at a construction site, a bulldozer is used. These vehicles can be used for surface excavation projects such as small ditches for water pipes or drainage. They are also used to bury pipes after they have been installed by covering them with excess earth. For larger excavation projects, such as for a basement or a tunnel, backhoes are used. The depth to which they can dig is based on the length and height of their arm. The longer and taller you are, the deeper you can dig.

Cranes

Work on a structure can begin once the soil has been prepared. Cranes are often brought in for large structures or commercial buildings where heavy objects such as metal beams and other materials are needed. In addition, this type of construction vehicle can be used for large buildings where it is necessary to reach great heights. Cranes vary in size and skill as there are different types. Truck mounted cranes, tower cranes and rough terrain cranes are just a few types of cranes used in the construction industry.

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